About Adjective

An adjective is a word like big, beautiful, sad, happy, interesting and sudden. An adjective qualifies a noun and denotes a temporary or permanent quality associated with it. For example, a beautiful woman is a woman who is distinguished from other women by beingbeautiful. Here the adjective beautiful denotes a permanent quality associated with the noun woman.
Similarly, a sad woman is a woman distinguished from other women by being sad. Here the adjective sad denotes a temporary quality associated with the noun woman.
Some adjectives are different: they do not denote a quality of the noun. For example, the adjective heavy as used in heavy smoker does not denote a quality of the noun smoker. It just shows a habit of the smoker.

Position of adjectives
Most adjectives can be used in attributive (before a noun) and predicate position (after the verb).
In the following sentences adjectives are used in attributive position.

He is a clever boy.
She is a beautiful girl.
It was a wise decision.
We met an old man.

Adjectives can be placed after be (is, am, are, was and were) and other copular verbs like seem, look, turn etc.

He is clever.
She is beautiful.
It was foolish.
She is old.
The milk turned sour.
She looked pale.

Comparison of Adjectives

Most adjectives can be compared either with –er, -est or with more and most.

Examples are given below:
Tall, taller, tallest
Big, bigger, biggest
Clever, cleverer, cleverest
Heavy, heavier, heaviest
Beautiful, more beautiful, most beautiful
Careful, more careful, most careful

Kinds of adjectives

There are different kinds of adjectives.

Adjectives of quality
Adjectives of quality denote the kind, quality or characteristic of a noun. Examples are: clever, honest, kind, beautiful, upset etc.
She was upset.
He is an honest boy.
It was a beautiful sight.

Adjectives of quantity
Adjectives of quantity indicate how much of a thing is meant. Examples are: some, any, little, few, all etc.
Give me some rice.
There was little water in the bottle.
Have they got any children?

Demonstrative adjectives

Demonstrative adjectives indicate which person or thing is meant. Examples are: this, that, these, those and such.
That is a tree.
Bring me that chair.
Is that your boy?
This is my friend.
Those mangoes were very sweet.
These flowers are very beautiful.

Interrogative adjectives
Interrogative adjectives are used with nouns to ask questions. Examples are: what, which, whose etc.

Which color do you like best?
Whose son is he?

Possessive adjectives

Possessive adjectives indicate possession. Examples are: our, your, his, her, their, its and my.

This is my school.
These are our friends.
Is that your book?

 

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